HISTORY OF TYPEWRITERS AND COMPUTER KEYBOARDS

A typewriter is a tool that lets ink appear on a medium, such as paper, as a button that has been pressed in rows. The typewriters have been invented since the 16th century, and the first one was the Italian Francesco Rampazetto. He invented the scrittura tattile machine, similar to a typewriter.


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In 1714, an English inventor, Henry Mill, obtained a patent for the first type of printer. However, his typewriter was unable to work effectively and it was used by many people and disappeared. In 1829, William Austin Burt invented a machine called Typographer, which was regarded as the first typewriter in America.

Until 1868, various technicians invented the typewriters in different ways, but they were not as successful as they were for human use. In 1865, the Danish Rasmus Malling-Hansen invented the Hansen Writing Ball, which was successfully sold throughout Europe. Many European countries used this machine in their offices and in London offices until 1909.

The most successful typewriter in the world of print was invented in 1868 by American inventors Christopher Latham Sholes, Frank Haven Hall, Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soule. In 1874, their printer was sold by Eritrin and his company as a product in New York City, and it became a success in the printing industry.

The first Rimantine typewriters were no different from today’s presses. When the keyboard was pressed, the keypad came up and stamped on a paper-mounted rubber positioned in the middle. The ink appears on the paper when the ink is placed on the front of the rubber.

Most typewriters were noisy when typing, and by the beginning of the 20th century, non-whiteboards were being produced again. The first typewriter was sequential, but the QWERTY was invented in the Christopher Latham Sholes. This is the system that started with ABCDE on the left side, not just QWERTY, and the system we are using on the computer keyboard until now.

Why is ABCD not listed in order of QWERTY? Typists When translating a telephoto translator when typing quickly, it is difficult to remember the position of the letters, as well as the difficulty of moving the letters. That’s why Christopher Sholes created this system to test where letters are typed as quickly as possible.

These types of machines have also been used in telecommunications and electronics since the advent of typing. The typewriters used in this work are called teleprinters and keypunches. The first type of keyboard that was used on computers was invented by the American Herman Hollerith in the 1930s. The first electronic general-purpose computer, ENIAC, also used a keypunch to output input and output output to the paper.

In 1948 the Typewriter-Keyboard was installed on Northrop’s BINAC computer. This keyboard only has 8 digits from 7 to 7 keys. Until the 1960’s, the computer keyboard had not been available exclusively. In 1960, the UNIVAC computer included a Video DIsplay Terminal that displayed keystrokes on a computer screen. 1970’s Altiar and IMSAI computers have the first computer keyboard.

In 1978, computers were sold on the market with keyboards. In 1981, IBM produced their first computer, and in 1986 the IBM model m keyboard was one of the most convenient. In 1990, Membrane switches were replaced by the original mechanical keys. From that time through the use of the keyboard, the use of computer keyboards has increased from mobile phones to screen keys.

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